Another group that has had a strong incentive to exaggerate the present threat of right-wing anti-Semitism is Jewish progressive activists. For the past decade or so, leftist Jews have increasingly found themselves excluded from progressive coalitions that not only take very harsh anti-Israel lines, but also have refused to take seriously anti-Semitism in their midst, suggesting that allegations of such anti-Semitism are mere covers for the “privilege” of “white Zionists.” So long as the problem of American anti-Semitism was largely associated with anti-Zionism and far-left politics more generally, Jews were not permitted to be part of a coalition of the marginalized.
However, such hate speech might be considered a hate crime elsewhere in the world, Some countries like
Canada have hate propaganda laws that target hate speech in addition to
the hate crime laws that target hate-motivated violence. These two types
of laws are frequently confused -- sometimes intentionally.
Some religious conservatives have expressed concern that a pastor's sermon or writings might so inflame a member of their congregation that the latter might be motivated to pick up a baseball bat and bash some strangers who he/she believes to be gay. Again, no conspiracy exists between the pastor and the gay basher to commit a crime, and thus the pastor could not be prosecuted under the hate crimes law.