Also called Irish Literary Renaissance, Celtic Renaissance, or Celtic Revival. A revival of Irish literature in the late nineteenth century, driven primarily by W. B. Yeats . The aim was to create a distinctive Irish literature by drawing on Irish history and folklore. In the 1880s the Gaelic League attempted to revive the Irish language, but the use of Gaelic was not a requirement of the revival led by Yeats in the 1890s. The movement developed simultaneously with a rise in Irish nationalism, and a growth of interest in Gaelic traditions.
A Professor of Architecture at UC Berkeley, Galen is a Kellogg National Fellow in interdisciplinary leadership. She has received two Graham Foundation grants, and has been on design teams awarded First Prize in a national competition for an inner-city park for St. Paul, plus First Prize for Parc La Villette, Paris and Seventh Place in the Spectacle Island Design Competition, Boston. She has also served as a juror for several urban design and public art competitions while teaching courses on the social and cultural bases of architectural and urban design and research methods.
The reaction of society to the book ranged from acclaim to outrage. Wells, a famous writer of science fiction and dystopian literature, panned the book as alarmist. Other critics challenged Huxley's depictions of religion and ritual as well as his views of sexuality and drug use. The novel's stark depictions of sexuality and cruelty meant that it continues to incite controversy over whether or not it is an appropriate book for all ages and audiences. Nevertheless, as a social critique, Brave New World takes credit with Orwell's 1984 for advancing a new genre of literature that fuses science fiction, political allegory, and literary ambition.