Founded: 1653 by Virginia
Major Industry: Plantation
agriculture (indigo, rice, tobacco)
Major Cities : Raleigh
Colony Named for: from
Carolus , the Latin word for "Charles,"
I of England
Became a State : November 21,
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Because the Highlanders were adventurous, didnt mix well with the other populations, preferred to speak Gaelic, and were seen as supporters of the now-defeated Crown of Britain, many sought to escape unfriendly territory and struck out to tame the western frontier. Many became famous pioneers in Kentucky, Tennessee, and as far west as Texas. However, at the same time, Highlanders who had settled in the northern states started migrating south to North Carolina because it was seen as a land with better farming and a close-knit Highland community. Ergo, the Scottish population continued to grow in Carolina, despite the exodus of the Highland western pioneers.